I think Swerd is right in this. Over the years more and more of the population has gained voting rights, first for men and later for women. In USA is, of course, race ever present in politics and voting rights.\n\n\n\nAbout 25% of the Norwegian and Swedish population emigrated to USA. My mother, growing up in a poor rural valley, have relatives that emigrated. Similar on my fathers side. So it's not that surprising that we learn quite a bit about USA, at least when I grew up. Whether or not I learned about the 3\/5 vote in school or later, I'm not sure as it was a long time ago.\n\n\nThere is no restriction that prevents anyone voting, based on race. Some people perceive actions that cause this, but then, a lot of people are overly-sensitive about a lot of things. OTOH, some people would do anything to go back to the way it was, when minorities had no rights, at all. I'm positive that a lot of non-White people are taught that White people hate Black\/Brown\/etc people- I have actually seen Blacks act like they were surprised when a White person does something decent and it makes me angry that this happens because it prevents people from trusting others when the intentions are good. I was in line at a building supply store yesterday and when I walked in so I could return something, I saw two people ahead of me; one stepped aside. When the person ahead of him left, he looked at me and I waved him toward the line. He thanked me more than once before he was done and again after. When I got to the returns counter, the woman working there told me that what I had done was very nice but he was there before me- there was no reason to thank me because there's no reason for me to jump ahead (unless I wanted to be a lord helmet). \n\nI have also had people ask me what I needed at various places when someone else was clearly there before me (usually when someone who's not Black was asking) and I have been passed up by Black people working at places like that, so they could help a Black person (a few times, I was completely ignored). I don't like when it happens, but by comparison to what they have endured, that was really not a big deal and I didn't see a reason to complain. \n\nI know someone is gonna crap all over me for this, but......\n\nGerrymandering is considered a way for Republicans to 'disenfranchise' minority voters but, while I don't associate with racists, I don't know Republicans who would be OK with doing it for that reason. In Milwaukee, Republicans don't receive many votes- why would they want to run in the city for any office when there's no chance that they would win? However, I have never spoken with anyone who tried to be elected or anyone involved in a campaign, so I can't say with any certainty that it isn't their reason for doing it. If it is their reason, they should go and rot somewhere. \n\nIf I were to believe everything I hear and see on the media, I would never go into the city, for anything. If I did, I would need an armored car and body armor, according to them but it's just not true- I go into some areas that are called 'bad' or 'dangerous'. I haven't had any problems with physical altercations, but after living in Milwaukee for 16 years (never in a particularly good part of the city), I became very tired of losing cars, tools, car stereos and even had someone try to break into the house where I lived. OTOH, I grew up in a suburb that borders Milwaukee and between 1967 and early 1981, four bicycles were stolen from me- all within a mile of the Police station (the first time was directly across the street). That said, I think the problems in Milwaukee fall squarely on the city's government and elected leaders and since I have a really good memory, I know it was better before 1960. This city has had 5 Mayors since 1948 and it's time for some major changes, especially considering the fact that Milwaukee is called 'the most segregated city in America'.