With the major exception that none of the Canadian Provinces had a slavery-driven economy as in the US southern colonies\/states.\n\nThanks for all the illustrations of the Canadian point of view toward the USA. I was aware only of the Canadian fear of being absorbed\/engulfed\/conquered by the USA after the US Civil War. Canada clearly felt threatened even though the USA, both northern & southern states, were exhausted by the costly and bloody war. There was no drive to expand to the north – at least none that is recognized by historians today.\n\nTo be clear, there was slavery in Canada, but pretty limited. And, although abolished throughout the British Empire in 1833, it was practically non-existent in Canada by the end of the 18th century. It certainly never had a significant impact on the economy here. \n\nMany of the loyalists who left the US for Canada brought slaves with them, but gradually ended up losing them, as it was frowned upon, socially and legally.\n\nWhether the US had any genuine designs on absorbing Canadian territory, the perception was certainly real. The Fenian raids and the concept of Manifest Destiny was hardly comforting. \n\nAnd, the Canadian Pacific Railway was built mainly to ensure the prairies and British Columbia weren't absorbed by the US.